Cholesterol is the one of the many substances created and used by our bodies to hold cells together and make hormones, vitamin D and other substances that helps to digest foods to keep us healthy. Cholesterol is a soft waxy substances found in our body cells. Cholesterol can’t dissolve in the blood; it has to be transported to and from the cells by carriers called lipoproteins. Total cholesterol count includes high density lipoproteins, low density lipoproteins along with triglycerides and Lp(a) Cholesterol.

Bodies produced naturally around 75% of the cholesterol and 25 % from the food we eat, mainly from animal meat, chicken, fish, egg, butter milk etc. No cholesterol foods are fruits, vegetables, whole grain. Mainly two types of cholesterol are good and bad.

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Measuring of Cholesterol level of HDL (High density lipoprotein) and LDL (low density lipoprotein) your liver and other cells in your body make about 75 percent of blood cholesterol. Lipoprotein helps move cholesterol throughout the blood. HDL is the "good" cholesterol which helps keep the LDL (bad) cholesterol from getting lodged into your artery walls.  A healthy level of HDL may also protect against heart attack and stroke, while low levels of HDL (less than 40 mg/dL for men and less than 50 mg/dL for women) have been shown to increase the risk of heart disease. 
Reducing trans fats and eating a balanced, nutritious diet is another way to increase HDL.  If these measures are not enough to increase your HDL to goal, your doctor may prescribe a medication specifically to increase your HDLs. If the count of LDL cholesterol is high it may block arteries, it might be led to heart attack and stroke.

LDL cholesterol is produced naturally by the body, but many people inherit genes from their parents or grandparents that cause them to make too much. Eating saturated fat, trans fats and dietary cholesterol also increases how much you have. Even too much LDL cholesterol circulates in the blood may result slow build up in the inner walls of the arteries that feed the heart and brain. These deposits with other substances can form plaque, make the arteries narrow and clot forms and it may lead to heart attack or stroke.
Increase HDL with the help of physical activities (exercise), reduce the over weight, Stop smoking, Use fruits and other vegetables in our food habits this will reduce LDL too.

Total cholestrol to HDL ratio
Risk Men Women
Very low- Normal <3.4 <3.3
Low risk 4 3.8
Medium  5 4.5
Moderate risk  9.5 7
High risk >23 >11
Ratio of LDL to HDL
Risk Men Women
Very low 1 1.5
Average risk 3.6 3.2
Moderate risk 6.3 5
High risk 8 6.1
 Triglycerides (mg/dl)
 Desirable < 130 
 Normal < 150 
 Borderline 150-199 
 High 200-499 
 Very High >= 500 
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